Flying-Monster

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Pre-Solo Knowledge Review

WHAT IS AIR?

a mixture of gases made up of mostly nitrogen and oxygen.


HOW IS THRUST PRODUCED?

it is the reaction of propelling the air rearwards.


WHAT IS PRODUCED AS A RESULT OF PHYSICAL ACTION?

an equal and opposite reaction


WHICH FOOT IS MOVED FORWARDS TO TURN THE AIRCRAFT TO THE LEFT ON THE GROUND?

left


WHAT IS ONE ADVANTAGE OF HAVING A HIGH-WING CONFIGURATION?

can see clearly downwards, clears fences and easier for freight loading and unloading


WHAT IS A DISADVANTAGE OF A TAILWHEEL CONFIGURATION?

crosswind control or lack off


AN UNDERCARRIAGE THAT FOLDS UP IS CALLED A ... UNDERCARRIAGE.

retractable


WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE SMOOTHLY SHAPED PANELS THAT COVER THE ENGINE?

cowls


THE PATH OF THE AIRCRAFT THROUGH THE AIR IS CALLED ITS...

flight path


THE PRESSURE OF THE AIR ABOVE THE WING IS... THAN BELOW.

less/reduced compared to the pressure beneath the wing and the local static pressure


THE ANGLE OF THE WING TO THE AIRFLOW IS CALLED THE ANGLE OF...

attack

WHICH PART OF THE AIRCRAFT IS THE FUSELAGE?

the main part, where i and passengers sit and cargo is held, where the wings, engine and tail assemblies are all joined


WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE FIXED VERTICAL SURFACE THAT IS ATTACHED TO THE REAR OF THE FUSELAGE?

FIN


THE PICTURE THAT THE PILOT SEES THROUGH THE WINDSCREEN IS CALLED THE... 

attitude (pitch and roll or bank)


SPECIFICALLY, THIS PICTURE IS A MEASURE OF THE POSITION OF THE NOSE OR THE BOTTOM EDGE OF THE WINDSCREEN IN RELATION TO THE...

horizon


WHAT CAUSES AN AIRCRAFT TO TURN?

banking - sideways component of lift is used to turn


WHY DO AILERONS MOVE IN OPPOSITE DIRECTIONS?

to roll one wing up and the other wing down - simultaneously


WHY DON'T THE FLAPS ALSO MOVE IN OPPOSITE DIRECTIONS?

they aren't a control surface. they increase the curvature of the wing and thus increase lift


WHAT ARE THEY (FLAPS) FOR?

to increase lift for take-off and to increase both lift and drag for approach and landing.


WHICH WAY DOES THE NOSE MOVE WHEN THE CONTROL COLUMN IS PRESSED FORWARDS?

down - towards the ground

what if the aircraft is upside down?

it works in the same sense relative to the pilot


What do you say when you wish to hand over control of the aircraft to the instructor?

you have control


what is a knot?

one knot equals one nautical mile per hour


IF LOOKING STRAIGHT AHEAD OUT OF THE AIRCRAFT'S FRONT WINDSCREEN ... WHAT ARE THE ELEMENTS TO LOOK FOR?

pitch and bank.

looking at the horizon, how above or below is the nose of the aircraft to that horizon line or desired angle.


WHAT ARE THE SIX PRIMARY FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS?

1. airspeed indicator = the dial has knots written on it, it also has the white line on the outer edge

2. attitude indicator = the horizon picture (brown on bottom and blue on top with lines in centre)

3. altimeter = looks similar to analog clock face

4. vertical speed indicator = the "0" is at 9'oclock position and the needle moves up and down from that mark

5. turn coordinator with balance ball = picture of aircraft and it tilts, visible ball or arrow that goes l-r

6. heading indicator = looks like a compass


THE ANGLE OF ATTACK IS MEASURED BETWEEN THE CHORD LINE OF THE WING AND THE...

relative airflow


THRUST IS CAUSED BY CONVERTING THE HEAT FROM BURNING THE FUEL TO COMPRESSION OF THE PISTONS IN THE ENGINE WHICH TURNS THE ... WHICH THEN PUSHES THE ... REARWARDS.

propeller is turning and the air is pushed rearwards


THE TOTAL FORCE PRODUCED AS A RESULT OF THE AEROFOIL MOVING THROUGH THE AIR IS CALLED THE ...

total reaction


THIS FORCE HAS TWO COMPONENTS CALLED ... AND ...

lift and induced drag


NAME THREE THINGS THAT DETERMINE THE AMOUNT OF TOTAL REACTION?

airspeed, the angle of attack and the camber

WHAT SORT OF DRAG IS THE ESSENTIAL PENALTY OF PRODUCING LIFT?

induced drag


WHAT IS DOWNWASH?

the downward movement of the circulating air after its passed over the wing


WHAT IS STABILITY?

an aircraft to continue with or return to its trimmed state or flightpath


WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE BALANCE POINT OF AN AIRCRAFT?

centre of gravity


CAN AN AIRCRAFT HAVE TOO MUCH STABILITY?

yes - increased stability reduces the controls response


WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE CONTROL SURFACES THAT DETERMINE THE ANGLE OF ATTACK OF THE WING?

elevators


ATTITUDE, TOGETHER WITH THE POWER FROM THE ENGINE, DETERMINES THE ... OF THE AIRCRAFT.

flightpath


TO CAUSE A TURN, A FORCE IS REQUIRED TO CHANGE THE DIRECTION OF FLIGHT. HOW IS THIS FORCE PRODUCED?

by tilting the total reaction from the wing


THE VERY FRONT OF THE WING IS CALLED THE ...

leading edge


THE REAR OF THE WING IS CALLED THE ...

trailing edge

... AND ... TOGETHER CONTROL THE FLIGHTPLAN OF THE AIRCRAFT.

attitude and power


WHAT IS SHOWN ON THE TURN COORDINATOR?

rate of turn and balance ball markers


WHAT IS THE MAGNETIC HEADING?

where the aircraft is in relation to magnetic north


WHAT IS A FOOT?

a unit of measurement. a foot is approximately 30cm and its for altitude measurements.


WHY IS THE SIGN "2 MIN TURN" SHOWN ON THE TURN COORDINATOR?

its a rate of one full (360 degree) turn taking two minutes in time to complete


WHICH RUDDER PEDAL IS DEPRESSED TO CENTRE THE BALANCE BALL WHEN IT IS TO THE RIGHT?

right


WHY IS THE AIRSPEED SAID TO BE THE MOST IMPORTANT PIECE OF INFORMATION A PILOT NEEDS?

speed through the air is provided as well as indirect indication of angle of attack in straight and level flight. low airspeed = increased angle of attack

minimum airspeed = stalling angle of attack


WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE LEVER THAT CONTROLS THE POWER OF THE ENGINE?

throttle


WHAT IS MEANT BY NAVAIDS?

navigation aids - radio, gps or similar electronics


THE POINT AT THE VERY FRONT OF THE AIRCRAFT IS CALLED THE ...

nose


WHAT IS MEANT BY A COMPONENT OF LIFT?

part of the total force that is acting in a particular direction